Supporting children's decision making and problem solving skills

Supporting children’s decision making and problem solving skills

Supporting children’s decision making and problem solving skills

Children are natural problem solvers. From navigating social situations to tackling academic challenges, they constantly engage in decision-making and problem-solving.

As adults, our role is not to solve every problem for them but to support and nurture these critical skills.

By empowering children to make informed decisions and develop effective problem-solving strategies, we prepare them for a future where critical thinking and adaptability are paramount.

Understanding Decision-Making

Decision-making is a complex cognitive process that involves selecting one option from several alternatives. Children can benefit greatly from learning how to make decisions effectively:

  • Encourage autonomy: Allow children to make age-appropriate choices, such as selecting their clothing or deciding on after-school activities. This autonomy fosters a sense of independence and responsibility.
  • Discuss consequences: Help children understand that every choice has consequences, both positive and negative. This teaches them to weigh their options carefully.
  • Teach problem-solving: Decision-making often involves identifying and solving problems. Encourage children to think critically about the challenges they face and explore potential solutions.

Developing Problem-Solving Skills

Problem-solving is the process of finding solutions to difficult or complex issues. This skill is invaluable for children as they encounter academic, social, and personal challenges:

  • Define the problem: Teach children to identify the specific issue they are facing. Breaking down a problem into smaller parts makes it more manageable.
  • Brainstorm solutions: Encourage creativity by brainstorming various solutions, even unconventional ones. This fosters innovative thinking.
  • Evaluate options: Help children consider the pros and cons of each solution. Discuss the potential outcomes and consequences.
  • Make a plan: Once a solution is chosen, guide them in creating a step-by-step plan to implement it. This promotes organization and goal-setting.
  • Reflect on the outcome: After the problem is resolved, reflect with children on what worked and what didn’t. This helps them learn from their experiences.

Supportive Strategies

Supporting children’s decision-making and problem-solving skills requires a nurturing and patient approach:

  • Active listening: Pay attention when children discuss their dilemmas or decisions. Show empathy and understanding, and avoid imposing your opinions.
  • Ask open-ended questions: Encourage critical thinking by asking questions that prompt deeper consideration, such as “What do you think will happen if you choose this option?”
  • Provide guidance, not answers: Instead of solving problems for them, offer guidance and suggestions. This empowers children to take ownership of their decisions.
  • Celebrate successes and failures: Emphasize that both successes and failures are opportunities for growth. Encourage a growth mindset where learning is valued above all else.
  • Model problem-solving: Demonstrate your own decision-making and problem-solving processes. Children learn by observing, so be a positive role model.


Supporting children’s decision-making and problem-solving skills is an investment in their future success and well-being.

These skills are not only essential for academic achievement but also for personal and social development. By providing guidance, encouraging critical thinking, and fostering independence, we empower children to navigate life’s challenges with confidence and resilience.

As they grow into capable problem solvers and decision makers, they become better equipped to tackle the complexities of an ever-changing world.

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