Infants and Sleep

Infants and Sleep

Infants and Sleep

For parents, sleep, or lack thereof, is a typical problem. As new parents rapidly discover, the quality of their baby’s sleep can affect everyone in the home. (Infants and Sleep)

And older children who don’t get enough sleep may struggle with learning, mood changes, behavior issues, and learning issues.

What Takes Place While We Sleep?

Our brains alternate between REM (rapid eye movement) and non-REM sleep when we sleep. A sleep cycle is made up of the stages of REM and non-REM sleep.

 Compared to adults, babies have shorter sleep cycles and spend more time in REM sleep. As children age, less time is spent in REM sleep, and sleep cycles lengthen.

One whole sleep cycle takes a child roughly 90 minutes by the time they begin school, which is comparable to an adult.

Light sleep stages include non-REM stages 1 and 2:

One can simply wake up.

Body temperature drops, respiration, and heart rates calm down, and eye movements become more relaxed.

Deep sleep is stage 3 of non-REM sleep

It’s more difficult to awaken someone. Upon awakening, a person frequently feels disoriented and sleepy.

During this phase, bed-wetting, sleepwalking, and night terrors are all possible.

The most energizing stage of sleep is this one. The body releases the hormones required for growth and development at this point.

When the sleep cycle is at its last, REM stage:

The heartbeat quickens, respiration quickens, and the eyeballs move quickly under the eyelids. During REM sleep, you are unable to move your arms or legs.

We experience our most vivid dreams at this time.

REM sleep is crucial for memory and learning.

What Sleep Needs Do Children Have?

Children’s sleep needs change with age. Even though every child is unique, experts advise:

Preschool (3-5 years): 10-13 hours, including naps school-age (6-13 years): 9-12 hours Infants (0-3 months): 14-17 hours, including naps Infants (4-12 months): 12-16 hours, including naps Toddlers (1-2 years): 11-14 hours, including naps.

Adolescents (aged 14 to 17): 8 to 10 hours

How Can I Know Whether My Kid Is Sleeping Enough?

If a youngster doesn’t receive enough sleep, they may:

  • Sleep through the day and become agitated (especially younger children)
  • Struggle with schoolwork, have trouble focusing, are grumpy, whiny, irritated, or temperamental, or have behavior issues

What Can Aid Children’s Sleep?

Establish a nightly routine that promotes sound sleeping practices for children of all ages. These suggestions can ease children into a restful night’s sleep:

Maintain a consistent bedtime. You can alert your children 30 and then 10 minutes in advance.

Set a bedtime for older children and teenagers that allows for the full number of hours of sleep that are required for their age. A nightly ritual could involve doing the dishes and brushing your teeth, reading a book, or playing soft music.

At least an hour before going to bed, turn off all screens, including TVs, computers, phones, tablets, and video games. Consider clearing your child’s bedroom of any electronics.

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